The orchid family are over 22,000 species. And the numbers are growing every year, it makes orchids the largest and most diverse of the flowering plant families.
However, before you learn how to care for your orchid, you must first to identify what kind of orchid you have.
Kinds of Orchid
The Cattleya orchid is one of the most popular choices in the UK. It has huge and fragrant flowers and fleshy roots with a spongy covering useful for capturing moisture.
Also known as “moth orchids”, it is especially popular for being one of the easiest orchid to look after. They have large, broad leaves and long flower stems with blossoms of white, yellow, green, pink, and red.
Dendrobium is also one of the most popular and numerous genera of orchids with about 1,500 species.It flowers can last several weeks. Dramatic flowers perch atop tall, cane-like stems.
Basic knowledge about orchids planting
Orchids have a reputation for being difficult to grow when in fact with proper care an orchid can be in bloom for months each year.
Here are the main requirements for proper orchid care:
- Position your orchid in a bright windowsill facing east or west.
- Most orchids prefer humid environments.
- Weekly feeding with a fertilizer for orchids.
- Most orchids require water once a week. Avoid over watering as this can lead to root rot.
Like any other plant, orchids need fertilizer to thrive.
Kinds of orchid fertilizer
- Use a low-urea or urea-free fertilizer
Urea is not a truly available source of nitrogen for epiphytic orchids.
Nitrogen compounds take up to a year before they break down and become available to your orchid as plant food. When your fertilizer is sans urea, all of the nitrogen in your mix becomes available as food at once.
- Choose fertilizer contain nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium
Nitrogen is essential for increased chlorophyll, which promotes proper leaf and stem development
Potassium helps to produce strong leaf tissue
Phosphorus is excellent for healthy roots and aids in orchid blooming.
- Organic orchid fertilizer is an effective way to handle orchid diseases
Organic orchid fertilizer have the role of nitrogen fixation, and promote orchid growth.
It contains beneficial microorganisms that can produce a variety of bacteriostatic, insecticidal substances, and antagonize and compete against many pathogenic bacteria such as Phytophthora root rot and pythіum root rot.
Compared with common NPK fertilizers, in addition to NPK elements,organic orchid fertilizers also contain natural plant growth regulators and various trace elements.
Precautions for fertilizing orchids
Experts recommend fertilizing orchids once every other week.
Choose a fertilizer with 20-20-20 on the label.
Fertilizer should be used at half-strength, making it with an equal amount of water before applying it to your orchid.
To avoid burning the orchid’s leaves, do not pour fertilizer directly over the plant.Do not water your orchid on the weeks you fertilize it.